Investigation of Effects of Surface Roughness on Symmetric Airfoil Lift and Lift-to-Drag Ratio 9781423547235

Investigation of Effects of Surface Roughness on Symmetric Airfoil Lift and Lift-to-Drag Ratio

ISBN-10: 1423547233
ISBN-13: 9781423547235
PUBLISHER: Storming Media
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Note: Not guaranteed to come with supplemental materials (access codes, CDs, DVDs)
Product Description: This research investigated the effects of surface roughness in the form of protuberances on the lift and lift-to-drag ratio of an airfoil with a NACA 0015 profile. Russian researchers first recorded the positive effect on lift from naturally formed surface protuberances in 1984 and reported on their research in 1991. Based on experimental studies, the Russian researchers identified a protuberance geometry on a low aspect ratio wing which created both additional lift and an improved lift-to-drag ratio for a given angle-of-attack over the low to moderate angle-of-attack region. The primary objective of this research was to develop a phenomenological understanding of the flow physics related to the effects of surface roughness on the lift and lift-to-drag ratio of a symmetric airfoil. Two wind tunnel experiments were conducted at the University of Maryland's Glenn L. Martin Wind Tunnel to investigate the effect of protuberance coverage, size, and density. A two-dimensional computational experiment studied the effect of protuberance location, geometry, and spacing using the OVERFLOW Navier-Stokes flow solver. Results indicated that the variation of the aerodynamic lift and the lift-to-drag ratio for symmetric airfoils and wings populated with protuberances is due to the increased pressure induced by a recirculation region downstream of the protuberance. An alternative understanding based on changes in the effective camber and thickness of the airfoil was developed. Wind tunnel and computational results qualitatively validated the lift enhancement on symmetric airfoils due to surface roughness. Results indicated that the magnitude of the lift increment was strongly dependent on airfoil angle-of-attack and protuberance height and had a weak dependence on protuberance width and spacing. Just one configuration, based on a wind tunnel test of a wing with protuberances, generated a larger lift-to-drag ratio compared to a smooth wi

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