Political Parties after Communism
Developments in East-Central Europe
AUTHOR: KosteleckÃƒÂ½, TomÃƒÂ¡s
PUBLISHER: Johns Hopkins University Press
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After forty years of one-party rule under communist regimes, how were the countries of East-Central Europe to get back to the business of competitive politics in 1989? One key factor was the resumption of party politics, and this book reviews the postcommunist development of political parties in the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Poland, and Hungary. Tom#65533;š Kosteleck#65533; describes party history up to 1947-some earlier parties were resurrected in 1989-and then covers the communist and postcommunist periods. Historical, cultural, and social factors in party development are all taken into account in this synthetic work.
The core of the work studies three crucial factors: historical and cultural factors, social cleavages, and electoral rules. In general Kosteleck#65533; sees a move toward more organized political parties, greater rational choice and self-interest in voters' decisions, and better structured, stabler politics. In other words, East-Central European politics is transforming itself from simply a reaction against the politics of the preceding regime to a situation in which diverse groups in society will find their interests institutionalized in diverse political parties, not unlike the politics of Western Europe.
PUBLICATION DATE: 4/30/2002
CATEGORY: Political Science