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Senghor and Diouf, 40 Years after Beyond their Myth, the Reality of their Legacies 9780977964581

Senghor and Diouf, 40 Years after Beyond their Myth, the Reality of their Legacies

ISBN-10: 0977964582
ISBN-13: 9780977964581
PUBLISHER: De Buur Books
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Note: Not guaranteed to come with supplemental materials (access codes, CDs, DVDs)
Product Description: BOOK DESCRIPTIONMany historians wrongly assigned Senegal's broad political and social deterioration to the impact of many years of colonization, natural calamities, desertification, religion sectarianism, even the Casamancese ethnical quandary, or simply the cynical indifference and carelessness of the French metropol. Even considering these as true, after reading ?Senghor and Diouf, 40 Years After? Behind their Myth, the reality of their Legacies,? it is evident to understand that most of the country's problems had little to do with them. According to the author, Pr Diouf who live in the USA since 1990, Senegal defoliation has been clearly exacerbated by the negligent behavior of its first two post-independence Presidents Leopold Sedar Senghor and Abdou Diouf themselves. Anyone purporting to research the historical records to document not only their achievements but also the causes and purposes for their actions would find mountains of evidence pointing to confounding results'blatant negative variables generated by their mismanagement. ?Senghor and Diouf, 40 Years After? Behind their Myth, the reality of their Legacies,? retraces all aspects of Senegal History from the Senghorian to the Dioufian Administration. Even though it is published in 2006, it manages to leave out the President Abdoulaye Wade administration, just away of a demagogical flavor that compares five years of command to forty. The author ties the myth of the Senegalese first two Presidents heavily to the reality of their accomplishments in favor of their country. According to Pr Diouf, their negligence has put their country in a desperate and disordered economical and political situation characterized by excessive poverty, famine, poor health care, growing illiteracy and unemployment, and an escalating social tension. No surprise, this is a scientific book and a non-traditional issue carefully written with a non-political ping-pong and plenty of asserting evidences and support materials. The author's maintains a rational analysis of exposing many very important issues during Senghor and Diouf forty years of ruling. As the book moves past Senegal independence and into the 20th century it takes a more open-minded stance. According to Pr Diouf, the origin of the current Senegalese political and economical chaos is not recent but dated back since independence. This is not a new situation created by ?Alternance? nor a ruling political party the PDS has done. According to the author, these guys just took over a complex task left by their predecessors. Could they scramble the country's gigantic agriculture and provoke the massive invasion of the Senegalese rurals from their farms to overpopulate the country's cities in just four years of power? Or could they just drop the country's GDP and inflate its living cost in such little time? Alternatively, could they establish this messy education system, corrupt administration, hordy traffic in Dakar, or the undeveloped health system, or even put the country in an economic abyss in a few years? The true is that Senegal ranked among the poorest and heavily indebted country in the world since 1982, twenty years before ?Alternance.' Today, forty years later, any honest well minded-person can consciously outline the conclusion of their actions. In contrast to what these leaders? academic titles and international reputation might project, they have done nothing to utilize the historical and social backgrounds of the Senegalese people to improve their situation. Instead, the conduct of consecutive staff members has primarily ruined the country's resources and enriched themselves. The trend of he country's actual collapse has been evidently the expressive confirmation of a total malfunction in the way Senghor and Diouf have directed the Senegalese nation's destiny. In 1999, before Diouf''s defeat at the presidential election, Senegal was in an unprecedented social and political stagnation bringing widespread discontent and desperation visible at every corners of the country's streets. Poverty was as evident as the proliferation of street beggars, delinquency, violent aggressions, diseases, prostitution, murder, truancy, alcoholism, drug abuse, and gangsterism in the country's urban and rural areas.Economy It is well documented in ?Senghor and Diouf, 40 Years After? Behind their Myth, the reality of their Legacies,? the indicators of Senegal's economic collapse. The country's outstanding external debt accumulated during the two first regimes which amounted about 2.4 Trillions FCFA and represented 75% of the GDP (PIB), more than 148% of the country's exportations. This trade deficit adds up to hundreds of millions in U.S. dollars, steadily from Senghor to Diouf. This shortfall was so deep that, despite a substantial reduction in average import duties, the short-term revenue lost from the tariff reform could not broaden the tax base or reduce exemptions. Regardless of the fact that Senegal adopted ?the West African Economic and Monetary Union's Common External Tariff? to improve the efficiency of its tax system, the country's trade and industry degradation became so scandalous that no investors were attracted'not even the country's children living overseas. The country's GDP was left by the second Senegalese President Diouf with an estimated 2%, less than the 3% demographic rate, a consumption rate exceeding 100%, and a long-term budget deficit over twice that pace. The Senegalese economic situation became so precarious under Diouf that put his administration on a permanent need for help from international lenders and the fact that all the country's resources couldn't pay the government workers.PoliticsIf prosperity and development ended with democracy, what's going on now in Senegal? According to the author, the number of legalized political parties, over eighty-five blocs, with such a little population'about 10 million individuals - in one of the smallest countries in the world, is a confirmation of the misunderstanding of democratic principles. Regarding the present situation of moral and social decline, after thirty six years of democracy, history shows that the norms of political and social injustice are going on strong and hard, and the country lays in its poorest ethical state in history. As political conflicts have broken out between diverse factions, the political arena in Senegal comprises a spectrum of ?opposition? and ?for position? leaders, many of them contemporary of Senghor, and who played any kind of nationalist sentiments in order to get mass support. They represent a conglomerate of unstable elements that once were entertainers of former political parties, renegades, former criminals, disoriented academicians who apparently are far from being interested in any major changes in Senegal. In the absence of powerful democratic safeguards, an awful political ambiance was the inevitable derivative of a new category of demagogical ?scholar-politicians.' The Senegalese new born democracy rises above a level of confusion brought about by misinformations, whose architects have appeared incapable of successfully focusing on those social, educational, and economical issues that lead to the doors of prosperity. As a result, Senegalese life is relapsing every day, as any honest study of the country's communities would demonstrate. This situation has spawned a grimly familiar litany of problems around the country: social stratification, favoritism in employment, violence against regime opponents, corruption, public properties and funds abuse, and a substantial social decadence.Education The author of ?Senghor et Diouf, 40 ans apres? Derriere le mythe, la realite d'un heritage? has defined education as being a fundamental human right which must be as well the most powerful tool to improve the life quality of an individual. Paradoxically, Pr Diouf stated, neither Senghor nor Diouf at any time has developed successful programs for the edu

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