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Thermodynamics and Chemistry 9780023287411

Thermodynamics and Chemistry

ISBN-10: 0023287411
ISBN-13: 9780023287411
PUBLISHER: Prentice Hall PTR
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Note: Not guaranteed to come with supplemental materials (access codes, CDs, DVDs)
Product Description: 1. Introduction. Units. Quantity Calculus. Dimensional Analysis. 2. Some Basic Properties and Their Measurement. General Considerations. Mass. Volume. Density. Pressure. Temperature. 3. The First Law. Terminology. Energy. Heat, Work, and the First Law. Spontaneous and Reversible Processes. Heat Transfer. Expansion and Compression. Work with Dissipated Energy. Electrical Work. Gravitational Work. Spontaneous and Reversible Processes: Generalities. Enthalpy. Heat Capacity. 4. The Second and Third Laws. Types of Processes. Statements of the Second Law. Concepts Developed with Carnot Engines. Derivation of the Mathematical Form of the Second Law. Adiabatic Processes: Examples. In Retrospect: Processes and Entropy Changes. What Is the “Meaning” of Entropy? The Helmholtz Energy and Gibbs Energy. Combining the First and Second Laws. The Third Law. Molar Entropies. Cryogenics. 5. Pure Substances in Single Phases. System Variables. Volume Properties. Energy Functions. Internal Pressure. Thermal Properties. Heating at Constant Volume or Pressure. Partial Derivatives with Respect to Temperature, Pressure, and Volume. Isothermal Pressure and Volume Changes. Standard States of Pure Substances. Chemical Potential and Fugacity. Standard Molar Functions of a Gas. Additional Work Coordinates. Open Systems. 6. Phase Transitions and Equilibria of Pure Substances. Phase Equilibria. Phase Diagrams of Pure Substances. Phase Transitions. Coexistence Curves. 7. Mixtures. Composition Variables. Partial Molar Quantities. The Chemical Potential of a Species in a Mixture. Gas Mixtures. Liquid and Solid Mixtures of Nonelectrolytes. Activity Coefficients. Activities. Electrolyte Solutions. Gravitational and Centrifugal Fields. 8. Reactions and Other Chemical Processes. The Advancement and Reaction Quantities. Mixing Processes. Reaction Enthalpies. Enthalpies of Solution and Dilution. Reaction Calorimetry. Adiabatic Flame Temperature. Gibbs Energy and Reaction Equilibrium. The Thermodynamic Equilibrium Constant. Effects of Temperature and Pressure on Equilibrium Position. 9. Equilibrium Conditions in Multicomponent Systems. Effects of Temperature. Solvent Chemical Potentials from Phase Equilibria. Binary Mixture in Equilibrium with a Pure Phase. Colligative Properties of a Dilute Solution. Solid-Liquid Equilibria. Liquid-Liquid Equilibria. Liquid-Gas Equilibria. Reaction Equilibria. Evaluation of Standard Molar Quantities. 10. The Phase Rule and Phase Diagrams for Multicomponent Systems. The Gibbs Phase Rule for Multicomponent Systems. Phase Diagrams: Binary Systems. Phase Diagrams: Ternary Systems. 11. Galvanic Cells. Cell Reactions and Cell Diagrams. The Cell Potential. Molar Reaction Quantities. The Nernst Equation. Evaluation of the Standard Potential. Standard Electrode Potentials. Appendix A: Definitions of the SI Base Units. Appendix B: Physical Constants. Appendix C: Symbols for Physical Quantities. Appendix D: Miscellaneous Abbreviations and Symbols. Appendix E: Calculus Review. Appendix F: Mathematical Properties of State Functions. Appendix G: Forces, Energy, and Work. Appendix H: Standard Molar Thermodynamic Properties. Appendix I: General References. Appendix J: Answers to Selected Problems. Index.

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PAGES: 439

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